Urticaria

Urticaria is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by itchy heels, which develop due to evanescent edema of dermis. It is an allergic condition characterized by itchy, red, raised patches on skin. These patches disappear in a few hours but reappear at the same or a new area. Generally, Urticaria can be easily treated and doesn't cause much trouble to the person but in some cases it can get severe and chronic if it takes more than 6 weeks.                                                                       

Symptoms: Itching is prominent, especially if wheals are superficial. However, patients tend to rub rather than scratch their lesions, so scratch marks are not seen.

Eczema

The term eczema means to boil out , because it seems that the skin is “boiling out” or “oozing out” in eczema.

Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. Blisters may sometimes occur. The word “eczema” is also used specifically to talk about atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema. The real causes of Eczema are still unknown but there are some environmental factors which aggravate the condition. It is also believed that the reason for eczema can be genetic factors also. Therefore, it requires changes in lifestyle and habits along with medical management to relieve the patient.

causes-factors can be: Irritants such as soaps and detergents, wool, skin infections, dry skin, low humidity, heat, sweating or emotional stress. Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, molds or foods.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is reaction of skin to contacts and is of two types:

                                                                       

  • Irritant CD

  • Allergic CD
     

The rashes caused by Contact Dermatitis are red, irritable & itchy. There can be a large area of skin which gets affected by contact dermatitis. Most common factors that cause contact dermatitis are hair colours, artificial jewellery, or jeans buttons etc. Even after days, contact dermatitis fade only if the skin no longer comes in contact with the allergen or irritant.

A skin rash caused by contact with a certain substance.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis usually develops in early childhood and is more common in people who have a family history of the condition.

The main symptom is a rash that typically appears on the arms and behind the knees, but can also appear anywhere.

Treatment includes avoiding soap and other irritants. Certain creams or ointments may also provide relief from the itching.

Treatment : Antihistamines, moisturizers and calcineurin inhibitors which are non steroidal can be given to relieve you of the symptoms and keep them at bay.

Seborrheic
dermatitis

A mild type of Dermatitis is known as Seborrheic. This skin disorder usually affects the facial skin and scalp and can lead to inflammation on the affected skin area. Along with inflammation, it makes the skin red, itchy and flaky. Seborrheic dermatitis typically the areas of the skin which are sebaceous-gland-rich. This is very much similar to dandruff in adults and adolescents, or as mild to marked erythema of the nasolabial fold.

Dark circles

Dark circle is majorly comes with natural age and stress level. It include family history of dark circles, exhaustion, lack of sleep, allergies, eye rubbing or excessive sun exposure. Under eye cream is not sufficient for proper treatment so we have facilities like- peeling, fillers, laser treatment.

Ingrowing toe nails

A condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the flesh.

The condition usually affects the big toe. People who have diabetes are at greater risk of complications.

Pain, redness, and swelling can occur at the affected nail.

Ingrown nails are a regular issue, and when traditional treatment is not resolving the issue, a partial or total nail avulsion is utilized by the Dermatologists.

Pseudo acanthosis
nigricans

A skin disorder characterized by dark, velvety, thickened skin occurring mainly on the folds like the armpit and back of neck. It is usually an indication of underlying hormonal imbalance, though a detailed history is needed to rule out other causes. Treatment includes medical and topical management along with lifestyle changes.

Acanthosis nigricans is a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder. The most notable sign of acanthosis nigricans is dark patches of skin with a thick, velvety texture. The affected areas of skin may also itch or have an odor.

Acanthosis nigricans is seen in both men and women. It’s most common in those who are overweight, have darker skin, and have diabetes or prediabetic conditions. Children who develop acanthosis nigricans are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Unwanted hair

Laser Hair Reduction is a relatively new technique to reduce unwanted body hair as compared to the traditional methods such as waxing, threading, razing, and hair removal creams etc. The advancements of dermatology have made it possible to do away with the side effects of hair removal for e.g. rough skin texture and thicker hair growth afterwards. Laser treatment is very effective in reducing the density of hair and still gives you a smooth skin texture. Laser hair removal Treatment is equally beneficial for both men and women. It is highly beneficial in reduction of the density of hair, longer hair-free period and improved skin texture.  Benefits vary from the reduction in density, improvement in texture from coarse, thick and dark hair to finer, fewer and lighter hair and longer hair free periods. It is the best way to remove all unwanted hair from any part of your body and is medically proven to give you long term hair reduction.

PCOD

Laser Hair Reduction is a relatively new technique to reduce unwanted body hair as compared to the traditional methods such as waxing, threading, razing, and hair removal creams etc. The advancements of dermatology have made it possible to do away with the side effects of hair removal for e.g. rough skin texture and thicker hair growth afterwards. Laser treatment is very effective in reducing the density of hair and still gives you a smooth skin texture. Laser hair removal Treatment is equally beneficial for both men and women. It is highly beneficial in reduction of the density of hair, longer hair-free period and improved skin texture.  Benefits vary from the reduction in density, improvement in texture from coarse, thick and dark hair to finer, fewer and lighter hair and longer hair free periods. It is the best way to remove all unwanted hair from any part of your body and is medically proven to give you long term hair reduction.

Hairfall

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved.

Hormonal:

.Males: Alopecia is distinctly androgen dependent. So does not develop in males castrated at puberty.

.Females: Though thought to develop in genetically strongly predisposed in presence of elevated androgens, most women diagnosed to have AGA do not have elevated circulating levels of androgens.

                                                                       

Clinical Features:

Males

  • Terminal hair is replaced by fine vellus hair.

  • Different patterns of hair loss
                                                         

Females:  

  • Terminal hair is replaced by fine vellus hair.

  • Hair loss in women may be diffuse often initially manifesting as widening of the central parting                                                                        

Some patients develop the alopecia early in life while others develop alopecia later and the inheritance of the two conditions may be distinct.

Fungal infection

Fungal Infections are inflammatory conditions caused by a fungus. Most fungal infections are superficial and mild, though persistent and difficult to eradicate. Fungal infection of the skin is the 4th most common disease. Symptoms include peeling and scaling of skin with itching. Giving the right drugs at optimal doses can give the optimum results.

Symptoms depend on the area affected, but can include skin rash or vaginal infection resulting in abnormal discharge.

Treatments include antifungal medication.

Mesotherapy

Skin discoloration or pigmentation is an unwanted skin condition. Mesotherapy is an exceptionally useful treatment when we talk about skin pigmentation.

Mesotherapy is a non-surgical technique that uses micro-injections of pharmaceutical and homeopathic preparations, plant extracts, vitamins, and other ingredients into subcutaneous fat. Mesotherapy injections allegedly target adipose fat cells, apparently by inducing lipolysis, rupture and cell death among adipocytes.                                       

Mesotherapy is used to:

  • remove fat in areas like the stomach, thighs, buttocks, hips, legs, arms, and face

  • reduce cellulite

  • fade wrinkles and lines

  • tighten loose skin

  • recontour the body

  • lighten pigmented skin

  • treat alopecia, a condition that causes hair loss

Spider veins

Spider veins occur when blood pools in veins near the surface of the skin. They can be caused by heredity, obesity, trauma, and fluctuations in hormone levels. In many cases, the exact cause is not known. They tend to become more numerous with age, and are common among people over 30 and in pregnant women.                    

Flushing, spider veins, thread veins and all forms of facial redness can now be successfully treated with the Palomar Intense Pulsed Light technology.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a long-term skin condition characterized by patches of the skin losing their pigment. The patches of skin affected become white and usually have sharp margins. The hair from the skin may also become white. The inside of the mouth and nose may also be involved.

Stability of vitiligo: Surgery can be performed only if the disease is not active and the lesions are not spreading or expanding any where in the body.

 

Symptoms:

Loss of skin colours can affect any part of the body, including the mouth, hair and eyes. It may be more noticeable in people with darker skin.

 

Treatment depends on:                    

  • Age of patient.

  • Extent of disease.

  • Pattern of disease.

  • Cosmetic disability.

  • Effect on quality of life.








     

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Disclaimer - The website content is created with the aim of imparting knowledge and information about the domain called Dermatology among the people. The treatments mentioned here must not be taken as prescriptions. Also, the result for any treatment will vary from person to person as per the skin and hair condition.