• Keloid

    Keloid is mainly composed of collagen and causes a type of scar on the skin which is slightly pink in colour. Keloids look like fibrous nodules or rubbery lesions and are firm. Actually, it is due to the overgrown granulation tissue after a skin injury is healed and eventually, is replaced by collagen. The most common areas which are affected by Keloids are chest, arms, neck and ear lobes. The scar is generally harmless but sometimes, it can make your skin feel pain and itching.

    Causes: Keloid is basically associated with skin injuries and therefore, can be caused by following factors:

    1. Acne

    2. Insect bite

    3. Surgical cuts

    4. Burns

    5. Hereditary factors

    6. Chickenpox scars

    7. Vaccination

    8. Body piercing

    9. Tattoos

     

    Treatment: Advance Skin Hair & Laser Clinic offers you the effective Keloid Treatments in Patna.

    1. Intralesional Steroid Injections

    2. Laser Therapy

    3. Creams and Ointments

    We are opening very soon in Gaya and Dhanbad also.

  • Acne scar

    Acne scars are the visible reminders of injury and tissue repair. Acne scars are generally the result of inflamed spots caused by skin pores engorged with abundance oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. The pore swells, bringing about a breaking the follicle wall. Shallow injuries are usually minor and mend quickly. But if there is a profound break in the wall of the pore, infected material can spill out into encompassing tissue, producing deeper lesions. The skin tries to repair these lesions by forming new collagen fibers. These repairs usually aren't as smooth and flawless as the original skin.

    with the advent of new laser technology, Currently many treatments are available to improve the appearance of acne scars . While a complete cure is not possible, most of our patients can appreciate significant improvement with these treatments . The choice of treatment is based upon the types of scars , the down time the patient can afford and the patient's budget .

    Advance skin hair and laser clinic in Patna for acne scar removal is reliable and result oriented. If you dream of having unblemished skin we suggest you get the laser treatment for acne scars by Dr. Punkesh Kumar.

  • Melasma

    Melasma is a tan or dark skin discoloration.  Melasma is particularly common in women, especially pregnant women and those who are taking oral or patch contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications. The symptoms of Melasma are dark, uneven well demarcated hyper pigmented patches commonly found on the upper cheek, nose, lips, upper lip, and forehead. Every person has a different skin type and hence needs different treatment so it is very essential to find the right dermatologist. Dr. Punkesh’s Advance skin hair and laser clinic is dealing in his best way.

    Causes:

    1. Sun exposure

    2. Stress

    3. Thyroid disease

    4. Birth control pills

    5. Pregnancy

    6. Hormone replacement therapy

     

    Treatment:

    1. Sun protection with medicated sunscreen

    2. Topical creams

    3. Microdermabrasion 

       

    Laser Therapy – is the most ideal treatment if Melasma is caused due to hormonal imbalance.

  • Sensitive skin

    Sensitive skin means appearance of redness, skin bumps or abnormal sensations such as prickling, burning, tingling, pain or itching due to various factors:

    1. Physical ( ultraviolet radiation, heat, cold, wind )

    2. Chemical ( cosmetics, toiletries, water, pollutants )

    3. Psychological (mental stress ) or Hormonal (menstrual cycles)

     

    If your answer to any of the following questions is yes, then you may have a sensitive skin.

    1. Do you feel your skin is sun sensitive ?

    2. Do you experience stinging or burning or skin with changes in climate or temperature ?

    3. Do you have irritation or reaction, to simple products of day to day use, most of the time ?

    4. Have you reacted to bleaching, hair dyes, face washes or shampoos ?

    5. Do you tend to avoid certain toiletries or make up?

    6. Are you skeptical about changing your cosmetics or toiletries as you feel you may not tolerate them ?

    7. Do you experience redness or burning sensation after shaving ?

     

    Prevention of sensitive skin :-

    1. Avoid trying too many cosmetics

    2. Don't over use cosmetics & soaps.

    3. Choose your skin care products wisely.

    4. Moisturize your skin to prevent dryness.

    5. Avoid extremes of weather.
       

    Treatment:-

    Treatment includes identifying the culprit. Skin patch test may be needed in some cases. Using the right products. Following the right skin care routine.

  • Rosacea

    Rosacea is a common skin condition that often begins with tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people.

    IT’S a chronic condition characterized by facial redness and sometimes pimples, generally between the ages of 30 to 50 years and starts with redness on the center of the face i.e. forehead, nose and cheek. In severe cases, the patients may have to deal with inflammation and stinging sensations, redness in eyes and red domed bumps. The various treatments of Rosacea are planned according to the type of Rosacea that the patient is suffering from and its severity.

     

    Causes:  

    The underlying causes for Rosacea are still unknown. Though, it doesn’t commonly occur in pigmented skin. Like any other skin problem, you should immediately visit an expert dermatologist as soon as you witness any symptoms of Rosacea, so that the treatment can be begun sooner. Early detection prevents it from spreading any further. The commonly affected areas are eyes, nose, ears, cheeks & chin.

    The common triggers are excessive heat or temperature, hot or spicy food which may result into facial redness and increased skin temperature. Emotional stress or anxiety can also be a factor to trigger Rosacea.

    There are four types of Rosacea:

    1. Ocular Rosacea: causes redness and irritation in eyes, swollen eyelids. It can be similar to a sty. 

    2. Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea: causes redness on the facial skin and makes it look flushes. It may also make the blood vessels visible on the affected area.

    3. Papulopustular Rosacea: This generally looks like acne and causes facial redness and swelling.

    4. Phymatous Rosacea: This changes the texture of the skin and makes it bumpy and thick.
       

    In case of chronic Rosacea, the redness on the face tends to become indefinite.

    Treatment: Oral and topical anti-inflammatory -

    1. Anti-bacterials – They help reduce some types of bacteria but likely mainly fight inflammation when used for this disease.

    2. Retinoids -  It is a powerful oral acne drug that also helps clear up acne-like lesions of Rosacea.

    3. Pulse dye laser / Intense Pulse light therapies - may help reduce the redness of enlarged blood vessels. These are being done at our clinic depending on the specific requirements of your skin condition.


    All these treatment methods are safe with no side-effects. Eliminating or avoiding triggering factors and using the right sun protection measures go a long way.

  • Skin growth

    Skin Tags

    A skin tag that occurs generally on the body or face is a benign (non-cancerous) skin growth. They vary in size, some are similar to the size of a pea or some as large as a big grape. They can be smooth or wrinkled and with different colors like some can be skin-colored or some just slightly darker than the skin color. The skin tags can be generally seen on the eyelids, neck, underarms, upper chest, under the breasts and groin but is not limited to these areas and can grow anywhere on the body.

    Skin tags are more likely to be seen on obese people and can appear as a sign of pre-diabetes. Also, as we age the chances of getting a skin tag is more. It is observed that the skin tags usually grow in the areas where clothes and skin rub, so another possible reason for the appearance of skin tags can be friction from clothing.

    Warts

    Warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Commonly, these viruses cause squamous epithelial cell proliferation and are found in the upper epidermis. At least 70 types of HPV exist but some types tend to be more common in certain body areas. Warts around fingernails are usually associated with nail-biting or picking and flat warts are seen on the face and back of the hands at times. Filiform (thread-like) and digitate (finger-like) warts are also not uncommon over the face. Genital warts usually occur as a result of transmission of the virus from contact with a person carrying the virus. Effective treatments that are available for warts include electrocautery or laser ablation.

    Molluscum Contagiosum

    Molluscum is the viral infection that appears one week to six months after exposure to the virus. This infection is characterized by tiny and waxy bumps that are painless but have a thick white liquid inside. They can be found on any part of the body. Molluscum contagiosum spreads through direct contact with an infected person. This can happen during close physical contact. It can also be passed to other parts of the body by hands during scratching.

    Corns and calluses

    Corns and calluses are not contagious. They may become painful if they get too thick and not being treated with the proper treatment. They can lead to serious foot problems in the people having diabetes or decreased circulation.

    Corns often occur where a toe rubs against the interior of a shoe. Commonly, calluses develop on the balls of the feet of the women due to excessive pressure on the balls of the feet while they regularly wear high heels. Some people are more prone to corns and calluses who are suffering certain deformities of the foot, such as hammertoes etc. Corns and calluses typically have a rough, dull appearance. They may be raised or rounded, and sometimes cause pain

    Seborrheic keratosis

    Seborrheic keratosis is a skin growth which usually appears in middle-aged and older adults. It is non-contagious and benign. Some people get just one but it is common to have many. It starts as slightly raised light brown spots and particularly small in size, gradually thicken and become warty and rough. Over the time, they may slowly become dark in color and turn black. Changing color of these skin growths is not a cause for concern and have various size ranges from a pea size to a rupee coin.

    Milia

    A milium (Milia) is called with diverse names like milk spots. These are tiny bumps that are common in babies but can happen at any age. Milia are most usually seen on a child's nose, chin or cheeks; however, they may also occur in other areas of the body such as on the upper trunk and limbs.

    Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra (DPN)

    Also known as DPNs- these are small skin growths that commonly occur on the face and neck in Asians. Treatment of DPNs in most cases is considered cosmetic and are usually removed with an electrical current that causes the lesion to dry up and fall off, damaging only the pigment cells in the normal skin.

  • Laser tattoo removal

    Laser treatment is often safer than many other tattoo removal methods, such as excision, dermabrasion, or salabrasion because laser treatment selectively treats the pigment in the tattoo. It is revolutionary treatment that helps to remove and fade unwanted tattoos with minimal complications following the treatment and optimum results. It is a safe and effective treatment to remove undesirable tattoos.

    Perfect assessment for tattoo removal includes its colour, depth and location, along with skin type. Mostly tattoos can be treated in 3-6 treatments, and some tattoos may require more or less treatments such as:

     

    1. Few colours like  red, orange and yellow, will require additional treatments.

    2. Tattoos where the ink is deeply set within the skin will also require additional treatments.

    3. Amateur tattoos will often require less treatments than professional tattoos

    4. Tattoos located in areas with poor blood flow may also require more treatments.
       

    Preparation:

    • Do not expose the treatment area to the sun throughout your treatment plan.

    • Do not have any laser, Microhydrabrasion or other skin treatments in the area for minimum 2 weeks prior to your laser tattoo removal treatment.

  • Psoriasis

    Psoriasis is a chronic dermatosis characterized by an unpredictable course of remissions and relapses and presence at typical sites of well-defined erythematous papules and plaques, which are surmounted with large, silvery loose scales. There is frequent nail and joint involvement. Psoriasis is thought to be an immune system problem. Triggers include infections, stress and cold.

    The most common symptom is a rash on the skin, but sometimes the rash involves the nails or joints.

    Treatment aims to remove scales and stop skin cells from growing so quickly. Topical ointments, light therapy and medication can offer relief.

    Psoriasis commonly affected the areas like head/scalp, hands, back, elbows, knees/feet. Psoriasis is not merely a skin problem but it can also be caused because of the different organs of the body for e.g. a type of psoriasis is called psoriatic arthritis which is actually a problem related to the joints. It can also be associated with nails, crohn’s disease, depression or anxiety as well.

    Factors that aggravate psoriasis are:

    1. Excessive smoking

    2. Consumption of alcohol

    3. Infections such as sore throat

    4. Anxiety or emotional stress

    5 Consumption of drugs like some antihypertensive, antifungals and antimalarial

    6 Obesity.

  • Pigmentation

    Skin color depends mainly on:
     

    •  Pigments present in the skin.

    • Apart from pigments, blood flow in skin also determines its color.

    • Pigments in skin may be
       
      ​Those normally present in skin.

          Those which are not normally present in the skin.

     

    Clear skin complexion is not easy to be flawless. Excess production of melanin in your body causes dark patches or spots on your skin. There are many other reasons for pigmentation on skin such as hormonal imbalance, sun damage, and sometimes pigmentation can occur due to bad environmental factors. In some rare cases, pigmentation on the skin can be caused by a pigmentation disorder or as a side effect of a chronic disease.

     

    Laser treatment is one of the most advanced treatments for removing unwanted pigmentation on the skin such as age spots, sun spots, and freckles

     

    • Laser Toning

    • Advanced peel

    • Microneedling

    • Microdermabrasion

    • Mesotherapy




       

Urticaria

Urticaria is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by itchy heels, which develop due to evanescent edema of dermis. It is an allergic condition characterized by itchy, red, raised patches on skin. These patches disappear in a few hours but reappear at the same or a new area. Generally, Urticaria can be easily treated and doesn't cause much trouble to the person but in some cases it can get severe and chronic if it takes more than 6 weeks.                                                                       

Symptoms: Itching is prominent, especially if wheals are superficial. However, patients tend to rub rather than scratch their lesions, so scratch marks are not seen.

Eczema

The term eczema means to boil out , because it seems that the skin is “boiling out” or “oozing out” in eczema.

Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. Blisters may sometimes occur. The word “eczema” is also used specifically to talk about atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema. The real causes of Eczema are still unknown but there are some environmental factors which aggravate the condition. It is also believed that the reason for eczema can be genetic factors also. Therefore, it requires changes in lifestyle and habits along with medical management to relieve the patient.

causes-factors can be: Irritants such as soaps and detergents, wool, skin infections, dry skin, low humidity, heat, sweating or emotional stress. Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, molds or foods.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is reaction of skin to contacts and is of two types:

                                                                       

  • Irritant CD

  • Allergic CD
     

The rashes caused by Contact Dermatitis are red, irritable & itchy. There can be a large area of skin which gets affected by contact dermatitis. Most common factors that cause contact dermatitis are hair colours, artificial jewellery, or jeans buttons etc. Even after days, contact dermatitis fade only if the skin no longer comes in contact with the allergen or irritant.

A skin rash caused by contact with a certain substance.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis usually develops in early childhood and is more common in people who have a family history of the condition.

The main symptom is a rash that typically appears on the arms and behind the knees, but can also appear anywhere.

Treatment includes avoiding soap and other irritants. Certain creams or ointments may also provide relief from the itching.

Treatment : Antihistamines, moisturizers and calcineurin inhibitors which are non steroidal can be given to relieve you of the symptoms and keep them at bay.

Seborrheic
dermatitis

A mild type of Dermatitis is known as Seborrheic. This skin disorder usually affects the facial skin and scalp and can lead to inflammation on the affected skin area. Along with inflammation, it makes the skin red, itchy and flaky. Seborrheic dermatitis typically the areas of the skin which are sebaceous-gland-rich. This is very much similar to dandruff in adults and adolescents, or as mild to marked erythema of the nasolabial fold.

Dark circles

Dark circle is majorly comes with natural age and stress level. It include family history of dark circles, exhaustion, lack of sleep, allergies, eye rubbing or excessive sun exposure. Under eye cream is not sufficient for proper treatment so we have facilities like- peeling, fillers, laser treatment.

Ingrowing toe nails

A condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the flesh.

The condition usually affects the big toe. People who have diabetes are at greater risk of complications.

Pain, redness, and swelling can occur at the affected nail.

Ingrown nails are a regular issue, and when traditional treatment is not resolving the issue, a partial or total nail avulsion is utilized by the Dermatologists.

Pseudo acanthosis
nigricans

A skin disorder characterized by dark, velvety, thickened skin occurring mainly on the folds like the armpit and back of neck. It is usually an indication of underlying hormonal imbalance, though a detailed history is needed to rule out other causes. Treatment includes medical and topical management along with lifestyle changes.

Acanthosis nigricans is a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder. The most notable sign of acanthosis nigricans is dark patches of skin with a thick, velvety texture. The affected areas of skin may also itch or have an odor.

Acanthosis nigricans is seen in both men and women. It’s most common in those who are overweight, have darker skin, and have diabetes or prediabetic conditions. Children who develop acanthosis nigricans are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Unwanted hair

Laser Hair Reduction is a relatively new technique to reduce unwanted body hair as compared to the traditional methods such as waxing, threading, razing, and hair removal creams etc. The advancements of dermatology have made it possible to do away with the side effects of hair removal for e.g. rough skin texture and thicker hair growth afterwards. Laser treatment is very effective in reducing the density of hair and still gives you a smooth skin texture. Laser hair removal Treatment is equally beneficial for both men and women. It is highly beneficial in reduction of the density of hair, longer hair-free period and improved skin texture.  Benefits vary from the reduction in density, improvement in texture from coarse, thick and dark hair to finer, fewer and lighter hair and longer hair free periods. It is the best way to remove all unwanted hair from any part of your body and is medically proven to give you long term hair reduction.

PCOD

Laser Hair Reduction is a relatively new technique to reduce unwanted body hair as compared to the traditional methods such as waxing, threading, razing, and hair removal creams etc. The advancements of dermatology have made it possible to do away with the side effects of hair removal for e.g. rough skin texture and thicker hair growth afterwards. Laser treatment is very effective in reducing the density of hair and still gives you a smooth skin texture. Laser hair removal Treatment is equally beneficial for both men and women. It is highly beneficial in reduction of the density of hair, longer hair-free period and improved skin texture.  Benefits vary from the reduction in density, improvement in texture from coarse, thick and dark hair to finer, fewer and lighter hair and longer hair free periods. It is the best way to remove all unwanted hair from any part of your body and is medically proven to give you long term hair reduction.

Hairfall

Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to a loss of hair from part of the head or body. Typically at least the head is involved.

Hormonal:

.Males: Alopecia is distinctly androgen dependent. So does not develop in males castrated at puberty.

.Females: Though thought to develop in genetically strongly predisposed in presence of elevated androgens, most women diagnosed to have AGA do not have elevated circulating levels of androgens.

                                                                       

Clinical Features:

Males

  • Terminal hair is replaced by fine vellus hair.

  • Different patterns of hair loss
                                                         

Females:  

  • Terminal hair is replaced by fine vellus hair.

  • Hair loss in women may be diffuse often initially manifesting as widening of the central parting                                                                        

Some patients develop the alopecia early in life while others develop alopecia later and the inheritance of the two conditions may be distinct.

Fungal infection

Fungal Infections are inflammatory conditions caused by a fungus. Most fungal infections are superficial and mild, though persistent and difficult to eradicate. Fungal infection of the skin is the 4th most common disease. Symptoms include peeling and scaling of skin with itching. Giving the right drugs at optimal doses can give the optimum results.

Symptoms depend on the area affected, but can include skin rash or vaginal infection resulting in abnormal discharge.

Treatments include antifungal medication.

Mesotherapy

Skin discoloration or pigmentation is an unwanted skin condition. Mesotherapy is an exceptionally useful treatment when we talk about skin pigmentation.

Mesotherapy is a non-surgical technique that uses micro-injections of pharmaceutical and homeopathic preparations, plant extracts, vitamins, and other ingredients into subcutaneous fat. Mesotherapy injections allegedly target adipose fat cells, apparently by inducing lipolysis, rupture and cell death among adipocytes.                                       

Mesotherapy is used to:

  • remove fat in areas like the stomach, thighs, buttocks, hips, legs, arms, and face

  • reduce cellulite

  • fade wrinkles and lines

  • tighten loose skin

  • recontour the body

  • lighten pigmented skin

  • treat alopecia, a condition that causes hair loss

Spider veins

Spider veins occur when blood pools in veins near the surface of the skin. They can be caused by heredity, obesity, trauma, and fluctuations in hormone levels. In many cases, the exact cause is not known. They tend to become more numerous with age, and are common among people over 30 and in pregnant women.                    

Flushing, spider veins, thread veins and all forms of facial redness can now be successfully treated with the Palomar Intense Pulsed Light technology.

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a long-term skin condition characterized by patches of the skin losing their pigment. The patches of skin affected become white and usually have sharp margins. The hair from the skin may also become white. The inside of the mouth and nose may also be involved.

Stability of vitiligo: Surgery can be performed only if the disease is not active and the lesions are not spreading or expanding any where in the body.

 

Symptoms:

Loss of skin colours can affect any part of the body, including the mouth, hair and eyes. It may be more noticeable in people with darker skin.

 

Treatment depends on:                    

  • Age of patient.

  • Extent of disease.

  • Pattern of disease.

  • Cosmetic disability.

  • Effect on quality of life.








     

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Disclaimer - The website content is created with the aim of imparting knowledge and information about the domain called Dermatology among the people. The treatments mentioned here must not be taken as prescriptions. Also, the result for any treatment will vary from person to person as per the skin and hair condition.